main logo seagull icon

Deskanz Whe - 6

Numerals when counting

When counting rapidly, as when couting sheep, fish, etc., there are two methods:

  1. Count repeatedly un, deaw, try, padgar, pemp. Keeping a tally, either mentally or on your fingers etc and then mutliply. Thus 100 would be arrived at by repeating 1-5 twenty times, or 5 x 20.
  2. Do as before, but consider each number as five time sgreater. This is used fro counting smaller fish, coins or whatever can conveniently be held in the hand. In this way 100 would simply be twenty handfuls or 1(=5) x 20

Numerals 1 - 4

1As a numeral this is wonen , including in compound numerlas such as 21. This is a pronoun, as and as such may be subject or object. Ex ma wonen , there is one; wonen eu gwel vel travith , one is better than nothing.
1 As an adjective, used before a noun, is idn 2. This causes softening in a following feminine noun. Ex. idn venen , one woman. But idn dean , one man.
2 In counting, use deaw .
2 As an adjective, this = deaw 2 before a masculine noun, causing softening (Ex. deaw thean , two men*) and diu before a feminine noun, also causing softening (Ex. diu venen ). In addition, both deaw and diu themselves undergo softening after an , the (Ex an theaw thean ), the two men, an thiu venen , the two women.
3 This = try 3 before a masculine noun and tair 3 before a feminine noun. Both cause aspiration of the following:
c/k- h
p- f
t- th
Masc Ex: try hota , three coats. try fedn , three heads. try thane , three fires.
Fem Ex: tair hathe , three cats. tair fale , three spades. tair thezan , three cakes.
4 This = padgar before a masculine noun (Ex padgar cok , four fishing boats), and pedar before a feminine noun (Ex pedar gwethan , four trees). Neither form causes any spelling changes. There are no other special forms after this.
  * After a small number a noun usually remians singular. So pedgar gwethan is literally four tree.

Copyright Teer ha Tavaz 2003, Based on the book Practical Modern Cornish by Richard Gendall (ISBN 0-9537710-5-9)