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Deskanz Padgar - 4

Boaz - to be

Note: Che / Why

The 2nd person singular che , thou, is not included in Part 1. of this course except in lesson 25, but will be dealt with fully in part 2. Its use was becoming rare by the time of Modern cornish except in religious contexts and older writings. Use why to translate all instances of you in English.

Verbs maybe used in three ways:

Stating a positive fact
Asking a question
denying, or saying not so

BOAZ - to be The present descriptive tense
A Affirmative. Set 1. Use this when the complement (the words use to complete the sense) comes afterwards. This from is unemphatic, and also used when the subject is definite: An gathe eu gwidn .
Thome... Thoma... Tho ve... I am... looan Happy
Theu... Theua... It is... (of facts, ideas) skeeth Tired
Theu ea, eav... He or it is... (people, things) cumpaz Correct
Theu hy... She or it is... (people, things) olthawor Up to date
Thone... Tho ny... We are... ol e compuster Alright
Tho why... You are... pooz Heavy
Thenz... Then'gy... They are... feer Sensible
B Affirmative. If the complement comes first. This form is emphatic, and also used for a simple short sentence of identity: Looan o ve tho gwellaz why? , I am glad to see you. Cathe eu , it is a cat.
looan Happy ome, oma, o ve. am I
skeeth Tired eu it is
cumpaz Correct eua, eu ea is he (it)
olthawor Up to date eu hy is she (it)
ol e compuster OK one, o ny are we
pooz Heavy o, o why are you
Etc.   enz, en'gy are they
C Interrogative. for asking questions: use the verb form from B that is followed by a pronoun: o ve, eu ea, eu hy, o ny, o why, en'gy, and add the complement.
O ve cumpaz? Am I alright?  
O why parrez? Are you ready?  
En'gy ol e compuster? Are they alright?  
D Negative. With this verb, in the present which always begins with a vowel, prefix nag not to any form shown in B that does not have a eparate pronoun:
Nagome, nagoma, nag o ve All mean I am not  
To this add the complement:
Nagome skeeth, nagoma skeeth, nag o ve skeeth I am not tired  
E Interrogative negative. For this reuse the verb as in D, and inflect your voice, or in writing use a question mark:
Nag o why parrez whathe? Aren't you ready yet?  

Copyright Teer ha Tavaz 2003, Based on the book Practical Modern Cornish by Richard Gendall (ISBN 0-9537710-5-9)